HAYES, SAUL

HAYES, SAUL
HAYES, SAUL (1906–1980), Canadian Jewish community official, lawyer. Born in Montreal, Hayes was the voice of the Jewish community of Canada from the late 1930s through the 1960s. A graduate of McGill University and a lawyer, Hayes' first job was as a lecturer in the university's School of Social Work in 1934. He soon joined a prominent Montreal law firm. But law was not Hayes' primary interest; Jewish community service was. And so when industrialist samuel bronfman became president of a struggling and ineffective Canadian Jewish Congress in January of 1938, Hayes eagerly accepted his invitation to become its director. Through the CJC's United Jewish Refugee Committee, which he headed for many years, Hayes led the battle against the antisemitsm that permeated Canada in the 1930s and 1940s. As well, and perhaps more importantly, he organized Canadian Jewry – along with a very small number of non-Jewish organizations – to lobby a hostile government to let in some of the desperate Jews of Europe looking for a haven from Nazi persecution. Hayes was the Jewish community's first native-born civil servant. He was a passionate and eloquent spokesman for its interests. For almost 40 years he appeared before parliamentary committees, met with hundreds of cabinet ministers, legislators, and bureaucrats, wrote countless speeches and articles, and represented Canadian Jewry at international meetings, including the founding conference of the United Nations in San Francisco in 1945 and the Paris Conference on Post-War Peace Treaties in 1946. He well deserved the description of him by Yaacov Herzog, Israel's ambassador to Canada in the 1960s, as "the foremost civil servant of the Jewish people." What Hayes was most proud of were his contributions to the modernization of a highly restrictive Canadian society. He was instrumental in forcing federal and provincial governments in the postwar period to adopt laws against racial and religious discrimination in housing and employment, was an early proponent of multiculturalism, was highly influential in persuading dubious Canadian authorities to allow into the country thousands of Jewish immigrants following the war, and was a member of an innovative royal commission which crafted legislation against hate-mongers. He also lobbied successfully to create a Jewish education system in Quebec largely funded by the provincial government. A lifelong Zionist, Hayes created the Israel Bond Association in Canada, paved the way for Canadian investment in Israel, and led the fight against the arab boycott of the Jewish state. In representing Israeli interests in Canada, Hayes often played a more important role than Israel's ambassador in Ottawa.   Hayes retired from the Canadian Jewish Congress in 1974, the same year he was appointed to the Order of Canada, the nation's highest honor. (Irving Abella (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Saul Hayes — (born 1906 in Montreal, Canada) was a public servant in the Canadian Jewish community. Hayes was educated at McGill University, where he earned degrees in social work and law, he was appointed lecturer in social work in 1932 and entered Jewish… …   Wikipedia

  • Saul, County Down — Saul (in Irish: Sabhall , ie a barn) is a small village in County Down, Northern Ireland. It is situated about 2 miles outside Downpatrick. Saul is situated in the Down District Council area. Places of interest *Saul Church, a replica of an early …   Wikipedia

  • Liste der Officers des Order of Canada/H — Officers des Order of Canada   A B C D E F G H I J K L …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • BIBLE — THE CANON, TEXT, AND EDITIONS canon general titles the canon the significance of the canon the process of canonization contents and titles of the books the tripartite canon …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • 2010–11 Derby County F.C. season — Derby County F.C. Season 2010–11 League Football League Championship Manager Nigel Clough Chairman …   Wikipedia

  • Academy Award for Best Original Score — Presented by Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Country United States Currently held by The Social Network (2010) Official website …   Wikipedia

  • Unabhängige Historikerkommission — Die Unabhängige Historikerkommission – Auswärtiges Amt wurde am 11. Juli 2005 vom damaligen Bundesminister des Auswärtigen Joschka Fischer eingesetzt, um die Geschichte des Auswärtigen Amts und des Auswärtigen Dienstes in der Zeit des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Oscar/Beste Filmmusik — Mit dem Oscar für die beste Filmmusik werden die Komponisten der Filmmusik eines Films geehrt. Besonders im Bereich der Musik für einen Film gab es im Laufe der Jahre die unterschiedlichsten Bezeichnungen für die einzelnen Kategorien,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Oscars/Musik — Mit dem Oscar für die beste Filmmusik werden die Komponisten der Filmmusik eines Films geehrt. Besonders im Bereich der Musik für einen Film gab es im Laufe der Jahre die unterschiedlichsten Bezeichnungen für die einzelnen Kategorien,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • United States — a republic in the N Western Hemisphere comprising 48 conterminous states, the District of Columbia, and Alaska in North America, and Hawaii in the N Pacific. 267,954,767; conterminous United States, 3,022,387 sq. mi. (7,827,982 sq. km); with… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”